2023-01-19 15:32:48 裂果金花
食品伙伴导读：这是根据目前正在进行的读者问卷调查的即时反馈，我们首次尝试给大家带来与以前的资讯相比略微轻松的来自美国民间的声音。本文的作者是一位美国某站特约作家： Colin Caywood ，来自华盛顿西雅图马勒克拉克律师事务所，ccaywood @ 1999年于华盛顿大学获得了艺术社会学学士学位，西雅图地区的律师事务所工作。多年来，他曾广泛涉及食源性疾病的诉讼案件。在2005年秋季，西雅图大学法学院读书。2008年，获得法学博士学位。 2008年8月，他作为第三合伙人回到马勒克拉克公司。
文章摘要:自助餐，这个词总能唤起我脸上的笑容，现在，我仍对幼时在我的家乡新开的那家自助餐厅记忆犹新,我和我的小伙伴们都对那里向往至极，我对父母软磨硬泡，甚至采用眼泪攻势，终于他们答应带我去那家我神往已久的神奇的自助餐厅。成堆的奶油白色的土豆泥、烤牛肉、取之不尽的奶油玉米、一碗接一碗的香草巧克力冰激凌。。。我讨厌偶尔想起这些我童年的美食经历，因为现在，自助餐是有风险的这一事实已经显而易见，自助餐已经引发了无数起食源性中毒事件。而这些都归咎于 交叉污染 。这种交叉污染可能发生在受污染的食物与卫生健康的食物之间，也可能发生在病菌携带者与健康的食物以及其他食客之间。作为自助餐厅的经营者来说，所能做的就是提供给顾客良好的清洁剂和清水，以及该冷藏的食物冷藏，该加热的食物加热，而对于消费者来说，在去自助餐厅之前，用大量的肥皂和清水清洗自己的手是至关重要的；不要囊瓣芹吃未得到妥善保存的食物，如果你发现了问题就通知员工餐厅员工来进行处理；不要吃那些显然已经放了很久的食物；如果您发现托盘中有被触摸的食物或餐具，不要吃它或拿出来用，应立即通知雇员，用一个干净的食物可进行单点或多点的同步疲劳实验或用具来取代。记住，与细菌引起食物变质不同，食物表面的潜在致命的细菌和病毒是不能闻到或尝到。预防和安全处理食品是减少你的食源性中毒风险的唯一途径。
Opinion Contributed Articles
Buffets and Cross-Contamination
by Colin Caywood | Jul 20, 2010
Buffets. The word alone causes a smile to appear on my face. I can still recall with vivid clarity the new buffet restaurant that opened in my hometown when I was a young boy, and the bizarre obsession to exper狭叶白前ience it that overtook me and my friends. I pled with my parents--tears may have been involved--for just the opportunity to dine there. Finally, after my incessant whining, Mom and Dad caved and took me to the magical restaurant. The place had it all. Piles of creamy white mashed potatoes, juicy slabs of roast beef, bottomless creamed corn, and bowl after bowl of chocolate and vanilla soft-serve ice cream that you could top with every candy and cookie piece imaginable. It was--in a word--glorious. Even today, I cannot travel to Las Vegas without at least one trip down a gut-busting food smorgasbord.
Of course, as any buffet connoisseur knows, there are some amazing buffets out there to be experienced, with food quality equal toorbetter than one can find at some of the very best restaurants. There are also some very, VERY bad buffets, the type I imagine people are sent to as court-ordered punishment for misdeeds. But regardless of whether you are enjoying a $60 lobster and champagne dinner buffetora $4.99 roadside-kill version, there is at least one thing all buffets have in common: cross-contamination risk. Cue the wah-wah sound.
I hate to knock one of my favorite childhood dining experiences, but the simple truth is that buffets can be risky. They have been linked to countless incidents of foodborne illness. Here are just a few examples:
In 2001, local Minnesota health departments noted a cluster of E. coli O157:H7 cases in Douglas and Pope County. All of the cases required hospitalization due to the severity of their infections. After investigating, epidemiologists discovered that all of the case-patients had dined at the same Chinese buffet restaurant in Alexandria, MN.
In 2002, a large Salmonella outbreak occurred at a buffet restaurant in Spruce Pine, North Carolina. Hamburger steak with gravy, fried chicken, and ham all tested po金刚石洛氏压头、直径1.5875mm硬质合金球压头sitive for the presence of Salmonella Heidelberg. Two employees were found to be infected with the same strain of Salmonella Heidelberg. Both had eaten food that had been prepared at the restaurant so it was not clear if they were the source of the outbreakorif they were victims, like the patrons.
In 2003, multiple people, residing in several states, became ill with Shigella after their stay at a hotel in Westminster, Colorado. Several groups were affected, including hotel staff, a veterans' group, a wedding group, and other hotel guests. The same strain of Shigella was detected among the culture-confirmed cases. The investigation determined that the illnesses were associated with eating from the breakfast buffet.
These are but a few cases where buffet dining resulted in an outbreak of illnesses. So what is it about buffets that creates the perfect mechanism for spreading foodborne bacteria and viruses? Again, it all comes back to cross-contamination. Cross-contamination is the transfer of disease-causing microorganisms, such as bacteria and viruses, from one food to another. This transfer can happen in a variety of ways. For example, contaminated food may come in direct contact with other foods,orone food's juices may drip contaminated liquid on another food. Cross-contamination can also occur when a person with unclean hands touches a food itemorutensil, thus spreading bacteriaorviruses on their hands to everyone else who comes in contact with that foodorutensil.
The self-serve format of buffet restaurants practically invites such cross-contamination issues. Think of it this way. In a good restaurant kitchen, the employees are well trained in proper food handling practices. They all wear gloves, and replace them with a fresh pair any time they touch their face, hair,oranything unclean. They wash their hands frequently, especially after each bathroom useorafter touching anything unclean. Their employers have very clear ill employee policies in place, and the employees follow those policies.
At a buffet-style restaurant, however, in addition to the usual food service employees, there is you. That's right, YOU are one of the food servers at a buffet, and so is every other man, woman, and child eating at the establishment. Think of all the serving spoons and forks you must touch just to fill your plate with a delicious sampling of foods. Now think about all the other people sitting around you who touched that exact same spoonorfolk. I know you and your family are diligent hand washers, but what about everyone else? Ever found a serving utensil floating in the food dish?oreven the handle sitting slightly askew and touching the food? That is cross-contamination and you do not want to put that food in your mouth.
Other important dangers for buffet dining involve proper temperature maintenance. Quite simply, hot foods need to be kept hot, and cold foods need to be kept cold. Government food agencies recommend that hot foods be held at 140 Forwarmer, while cold foods should be held at 40 Forcolder. Trouble arises when the food's temperature rises above 40 Forbelow 140 F. It is in this range that bacteria potentially present in small amounts can quickly grow and multiply, making i矮獐牙菜t dangerous to consume and significa抽筒竹ntly increasing the risk of illness to consumers. The presentation and serving style of buffets makes proper food holding temperature practices very difficult.
While there is no way to guarantee that your buffet dining experience will not result in a serious foodborne illness, there are a few things everyone can do to minimize their risk when dining at a buffet-style restaurant.
Before hitting the buffet line, and ideally after dishing up, everyone at the table should take a side trip to the bathroom for a thorough hand washing with lots of soap and hot water.
Do not eat foods that are not being kept appropriately hotorcold, and notify an employee who can remedy the situation if you note a problem.
Do not eat foods that have obviously been sitting out for long periods of time.
If you notice a utensil handle resting in the trayortouching the food, do not pull it out and use it. Immediately notify an employee so that the fo有了电脑od can be removed and replaced with a fresh batch of food and a clean serving utensil.
Remember, unlike pathogens that cause food to spoil, the potentially deadly bacteria and viruses that live on foods and food preparation surfaces cannot be smelledortasted. Prevention and safe food handling is the only way to decrease your risk of becoming ill from a foodborne pathogen.合肥癫痫的复杂部分性发作医院